|I am deciphering a coded advertisement|
by Culper spy Robert Townsend.
"But I like them," I reply.
"We have enough," she'll tell me.
"Yeah...like you have enough yarn, dear?"
That's when I get---the look---the stink eye! But she knows it's true. I always get my crocheting-knitting-spinning wife with that one.
I am a collector...and so is she, but only of different things.
It's all good, though, for I usually don't spend a lot of money on most items I buy - I like to wait for deals.
Understand, I didn't start out purposely to accumulate a period light collection. It just sort of inadvertently happened. It wasn't until I was attempting to clean out my stuff one day, including things stored away in the basement and garage, that I realized, "Hey! I got quite a cool collection of candle holders and oil lamps!"
Some of it I use on a regular basis in my home, mainly in the fall and winter months - during that time of year when the "old-time" feeling of the past is most prominent, and the non-electric lighting of candles and lamps of long ago helps to set the atmosphere; that's when we will often have candle-lit dinners and visits with reenactor friends, and even sometimes when our modern friends are over, and the natural light of a flame will simply add to the evening.
Of course, I will use the period lamps for living history purposes as well.
I am most certain that my love for the natural flame lighting is a direct result of when, right after Labor Day, my mother used to light candles and my father would light fires in our fireplace - both were a wonderful sign that autumn was here. And now I carry on that same tradition, but in a more historic way, for each of my lighting apparatus are very different and yet not of the modern Bed, Bath & Beyond style in any way.
All but one of the candle holders, lamps, and lanterns shown here are in my personal collection, and they certainly can light up a room in a very special style or manner:
|What brings the past into the present better than candle light? |
Yeah, not even period clothing can hold a candle to...well...a candle.
|But if you have candles, oil lamps, and period clothing...well, heck, you have just stepped through a portal to the past!|
So, I'd like to show you my collection of lighting implements. All are replicas except where noted. And even though they are mostly based on originals, this is by no means a historical lighting history lesson. Please understand this before chaffing me on what's historically accurate or not.
You've been warned.
|Here is a good part of my lighting collection - these are some of my favorites. |
There are 12 different lighting apparatuses shown here; in the photos below, you'll get a close up of each one....and of a few not shown here.
Let's begin by showing a very early style of "oil" lighting, the betty lamp, which has been around in some form or another for hundreds of years.
Betty lamps were probably the most widely used lighting device in Colonial America:
The top picture shown here is a replica betty lamp that I purchased from the excellent reenacting site, Jas Townsend.
No, I have not tried to light it as of this time.
Contrary to what many believe, oil lamps were used in the 18th century, with the most common referred to as betty lamps. The body of a betty lamp is cast with one solid piece of iron with a nose or spout for the wick. In these lamps were burned any grease, scraps of fat, fish, or whale oil. Wicks were usually pieces of twisted cotton rag, and when lit, they smoked considerably. The burning of fish oil had a rank smelling and gave the poorest light, which is why grease and fats were better. With whale oil, which was likely burned in betty lamps after 1760, burned the most satisfactory light, equal to two ordinary candles.
These lamps had certain advantages over the tallow candle; there was no elaborate preparation or constant care, and there was the possibility of being used to cast light downward without spilling grease.
All of these lamps were to be set on the table, or to be hung on a hook on the wall, or on the back of a chair, or wherever convenience might require their placement.
(The picture of the lit betty lamp is one I took from the Jas. Townsend website - see link above)
Let's check out some wall sconces I have that are based on, but not necessarily replicated from, those found in the colonial period.
|I bought this from a tinsmith at the Kalamazoo Living History Expo. He had such a variety, but I wanted something a bit more simple, and this is what I chose. I've seen similar styles in paintings of the inside of colonial homes.|
|Though not an antique, I have seen candle holders such as this on reputable web sites selling antiques. I bought it because I just happen to like it. And the fact that I could put the blown-out match in the base is a good thing.|
|I have seen this style of the back reflector in numerous photographs of colonial homes, but I am pretty certain the glass globe (or chimney) is not correct to the 18th century.|
Although this next lighting apparatus is not in my personal collection, I found it very interesting from a historical standpoint:
|It is a “new” lantern made especially for the 1750 |
Daggett Farm House in historic Greenfield Village.
It is very similar to an original from the 18th century you see here:
(Picture from THIS site)
|Inside the Daggett House: note that the bottom of the lantern, |
where the candle sits, comes out.
|Here is a brass candle holder that looks just like a few I've seen in pictures of the inside of some of the homes in Colonial Williamsburg. I've also seen this style in antique stores and on-line antique auctions. It is a fine 18th century replica.|
|Here I am as Paul Revere speaking to middle school
students about the importance of this lantern. Of course, Mr. Revere did
not actually see the lanterns in the steeple of the church that historic night, but was,
instead, told by a stable boy of the signal and to make ready his ride into the darkness
of night to warn the people of Lexington and Concord. I brought it along for historical purposes.(For more on Paul Revere, please click HERE. And for more about my acquisition of the Paul Revere/Old North Church Lantern, please click HERE)|
~(Photo courtesy of the Macomb Daily newspaper)~
Many of you may know that I am a fan of the AMC series "Turn: Washington's Spies," and, even though the show may not be 100% historically accurate, their accessories are pretty much spot on.
|What you see now is my tin candle mold that I purchased from Jas. Townsend, for we do make our own candles in the fall during our Harvest Home festival.|
|My daughter and I making the beeswax candles.|
|Here are candles made by my daughter and I (with a little help from a few of her friends, too) - dipped and from the mold.|
|Another lantern that works well for 19th century but will handle the 18th century pretty good is this one made of tin. It is very close to originals I have seen.|
|And here is a candlebox - exactly like mine - inside the 1850s Eagle Tavern located at Greenfield Village. Note the other ancient lighting apparatuses.|
|This is the reason right here why I purchased the above oil wall lamp. Doesn't it look great all lit up? We are in the 1880s Firestone Farm kitchen in this photo.|
|I suppose to those of us living in the age of electric light, even something as simple as going up or down stairs can not only be a chore, but a little spooky as well!|
Remember the picture near the top showing the "line up" of my lighting collection? Well, here they are, all lit up just for you!
There are more in my collection, but maybe I'll save those for a part two.
I have become pretty selective in the type of historic lamps and lighting I purchase now only because I want quality...authentic replications (or the real deal, if possible).
By the way, if you'd like to read something much more extensive on driving the darkness away, please click HERE for an excellent site with wonderful explanations of early lighting and apparatuses.
I hope this post brightened your day.
Until next time, see you in time.